How To Set Crossover Frequency For Car Audio system

So, you just bought a new car audio system and want to know how to get the most out of it to help you figure out how well it works and improve your listening experience.

If you have a cheap speaker that doesn’t sound very good or interesting to you, you might be able to make your car audio system sound better by changing the crossovers.

Setting the crossover frequencies is an even better way to get the most out of it if you already have them in your car and they are good speakers.

I know what you’re thinking, especially if you’re not very tech-savvy like I was a few years ago and don’t even know what the hell the Crossover is.

But don’t worry, because in this guide, we’ll talk about how to set the crossover frequency for car audio systems so that they sound great with as little distortion as possible.

First, we need to go over some basics so that you can understand most things better. This will help you in the future without having to keep coming back to this guide.

What Is a Crossover Car Audio System?

Most audio equipment, whether it’s for cars, studios, homes, or other places, uses something called a crossover. Crossover is built into the most important and widely used systems, like some of the best amplifiers, home systems, and even component speakers.

So, if you’re new to this kind of thing, its use in different audio products might sound strange to you.

If you are in the tenth grade and are taking science, you should know that waves carry sounds through a medium. Sometimes, these waves are used to talk about sound waves, which are measured in hertz, or what we call a frequency.

This is called the frequency response rate in a speaker system, and it can be anywhere from 15Hz to 40,000Hz. This range affects the performance and sound quality of your audio component in a direct and sometimes indirect way.

The bass is better when the frequency is low, and the sound pitch is higher when the frequency is high. But this doesn’t have to be true every time.

Because sometimes these frequencies can burn your speakers, which can lead to an electric fire in the car cabin if the frequency is too high.

Here comes the Crossover, which is mainly used to limit the frequency or response rate that is sent to a certain speaker in a channel system. Don’t confuse the Crossover with the subwoofer, which limits the frequency of the bass.

If your speaker is set to a certain frequency range, it will not work well. What you sometimes call “on-axis” or “off-axis” and how it affects how you hear.

Here, the crossover task isn’t done yet because it also has to do with protection. A crossover is also meant to protect the tweeters, which are the parts of speakers that “play” the higher frequencies.

This is someone on a project who acts like a boss and gives each team member the best and most important job to do so that the job goes well without any problems. Here, the Crossover makes sure that the low, middle, and high frequencies are played well by the subwoofers, midranges, and tweeters, respectively.

What kinds of Crossovers are there?

Typical Types of Crossovers

1: High Pass Filter (HPF): If you know a little bit about technology, you know what this means. But if you don’t know what a high pass crossover is, let me explain.

Your Crossover cuts down on the range of frequencies for a certain field. If an audio signal makes a frequency that is higher than a certain frequency, let’s say 50Hz, then the Crossover “passes” that signal.

2: Low Pass Filter (LPF): So, this is the opposite of a high pass. This means that the subwoofer will play any sound signal with a frequency of less than 75Hz.

3: Band Pass Filter (BPF): In simple terms, this guy is a crossover that can do both high pass crossovers and low pass crossovers.

These are the three main types of crossovers, and for each of them, there are both active and passive crossovers.

4: Crossovers that don’t do anything: A passive crossover is a kind of crossover where the frequency is already set and cannot be changed. Most of the time, these crossovers are used in component speakers, which makes the system safer.

Because if you don’t know about this kind of thing, these crossovers are what protect your system from damage. But this also changes the power of your speaker, which you may not like if you’re an audiophile.

5:Active CrossOvers: The active CrossOver is here to make some changes to these setups. Crossovers are now built into their amplifiers and some head units. This lets you control where the crossover points are.

Here, you don’t lose any (or much) power, so tweeters and speakers, especially those in the middle range, can work well together.

 

How To Set Crossover Frequency For Car Audio?

If you’re not very tech-savvy, the best and easiest way to set them up is to follow the instructions and other paper stuff that came with them when you bought them. Even if you threw away the instructions right next to the box, they are still useful.

This has everything, from the beginning to the end, and even some diagnoses for a while. But if you don’t have those papers or if you’ve bought used things, let’s talk about the other options.

Depending on whether your system has two-way or three-way speakers, not all of these will work. You can’t find the right level or settings for your car’s audio system because it changes from car to car, speaker to speaker, and person to person.

Setting them up is a must thing if you want them to work well with the amplifier and keep your new setups from getting damaged. Depending on the system, you will need to look more closely at both the high pass and low pass sides of each speaker.

For your high pass filter, it will be called “subsonic,” which is a term that is used only for subwoofers. This filter cuts down the frequencies even more, making them even harder to hear.

The reason is that you don’t want your speakers to play so low that they “bottom out.” This happens when you try to go beyond the limits of low volume for high bass.

Here, you need to set the frequency to the half-octave below the tuning frequency. Say your tuning frequency is 100Hz, which is the full octave to 50Hz. You have to set the frequency to the half octave, which is 50Hz/2 = 25Hz less than the tuning frequency of 100Hz, or 75Hz.

This is likely to keep your speakers from bottoming out and protect your car audio from possible loss. You probably set your low pass crossovers between 80Hz and 100Hz.

Sometimes, these limits are already built into the systems, so you don’t have to set them by hand. Subsonic filters are just a kind of HP filter that only blocks the lowest frequencies that can be heard.

You need to use a screwdriver to turn the subsonic filter down to 10Hz, turn the gain down, and set the Low pass to somewhere around 80Hz (this has already been said). You can also make the speakers in your car louder this way.

You can change it later by just thinking about it. Close all the doors and mirrors, too. Now, play your favorite song or any other song there at your usual volume and keep turning the knob to where you want.

Most sub and speaker amplifiers work best when set to 80Hz. If you go above this frequency, the sound gets louder, but it might not be distorted yet. But if you go below 80Hz, there is likely to be more distortion.

Don’t set your subwoofer’s amplifier so that the subsonic filter is too low or the low pass filter is too high. This could cause a lot of damage, which would be too expensive. If your Subsonic filter is set too low, you might waste a lot of power.

Conclusion:

How to set the crossover frequency for a car audio system

This guide is for you if you are a new driver who doesn’t know much about car audio and needs to set crossover frequency for car audio systems.

Crossovers are the most important part of any advanced and best car audio system. They are found in the amplifier or head unit. Even at high levels, these frequencies help make low-level sounds.

This guide is worth reading at least once if you want to learn everything about it so you don’t have to work as hard. You will need to know how these things work in order to figure out how to do them exactly.

 

Best monitor for bmpcc 4k

Blackmagic Pocket Cinema Camera 4K is a must-have if you’re a photographer. It’s a camera that’s hard to look away from thanks to its cutting-edge design, impressive sensory output, and superb overall resolution.

Apart from photography, the camera has a well-earned reputation for use in the film industry, as well. Professionals and amateurs alike agree that it’s one of the best cameras on the market today.

If you currently have a Blackmagic Pocket Cinema Camera, you may enhance its capabilities even more.

The usage of external monitors is becoming more common as a means of navigating complex landscapes and taking better photographs. Setting everything up is a bit of a hassle, there’s no denying that. However, once you discover the right display for your camera, it may be really helpful.

To that end, we’ll take a look at some of the top BMPCC 4K monitors in this post. You’ll be able to take photos with unprecedented levels of detail now that these new monitors are available.

Our picks for the best BMPCC 4K monitors.

We’ve narrowed it down to these top seven options for your perusal. Let’s take a short look at these before moving on to the next set of characteristics!

  • FEELWORLD F6 Plus 5.5 Inch
  • Atomos Shinobi 5 Inch HDMI Field Monitor
  • Atomos Ninja V 5 Inch HDMI Recording Monitor
  • LILLIPUT A11 10.1 Inch FHD Pro 4K Monitor
  • Neewer FW568 5.5 Inch Field Monitor
  • VILTROX DC-90HD 8.9 Inch Video Monitor
  • ANDYCINE C7 Field Camera 7 Inch Monitor

For BMPCC 4K, what is the best monitor for the camera?

Increasing the functionality of a system by incorporating additional components is a never-ending process. Unless, of course, you’re overdoing it or exceeding the camera’s internal setup restrictions.

The most promising feature of a Black Magic Pocket Camera 6K Pro is that it has an LCD screen with a higher overall resolution. The BMPCC 4K display, on the other hand, isn’t that far behind. You can quickly reduce the discrepancies by using a high-quality external monitor, which is easy to do.

When using a camcorder, you’re limited in your ability to get a wide angle shot. You can only preview the shot from a limited number of perspectives. It’s something that many photographers are already aware of, and it reduces the visibility significantly.

But if you choose to add a second monitor, you can at least alleviate some of this issue. Instead of just two or four views, you can look at the images from a variety of perspectives using a monitor. It will also increase the overall resolution, which you can employ to improve the quality of the images.

These are just a few of the many benefits of using an external monitor in addition to the above. Spending a little more money on a more advanced monitor can have a significant impact on your gaming experience. Using high-end monitors will also enable the photographer to study and interpret various aspects of the shot.

You can utilize the camcorder for professional-grade filming and recording if you have the proper understanding of this in-depth examination. Because of this, purchasing a BMPCC monitor will never be a bad investment.

Reviews of the 7 Best BMPCC 4K Monitors

Despite the abundance of interesting facts, there is a dearth of data pertaining to the actual field monitors themselves. Let’s take a look at the seven finest 4K BMPCC monitors in detail, shall we?

FEELWORLD F6 Plus 5.5 Inch

In spite of its newness, the FEELWORLD F6 Plus is already one of the top BMPCC 4K HDMI Output monitors available. Because to the OCR Full-Screen technology, you can easily zoom in and out. Furthermore, the touchscreen’s scratch and impact-resistant transparent glass interface makes it extremely durable.

When it comes to screens, the FEELWORLD F6 Plus hits the sweet spot. In addition to being barely 5.5 inches wide, it weighs just 235 grams, making it appear to be extremely light. So, if you’re the type that likes to constantly adjust the camera’s view, this little monitor is for you.

When it comes to the FEELWORLD F6 Plus field monitor, what are the best batteries to use?

A suitable battery for the F970. On this display, lithium batteries such as the LP-E6 operate as well.

Q: Is this monitor able to pass on signals?

Yes, you can send the signals directly to the other monitors.

How many SD card formats can this monitor read?

FAT32 and NTFS file systems are supported by this device.

Atomos Shinobi 5 Inch HDMI Field Monitor

Users of the Blackmagic Pocket Cinema Camera 6k HDMI output are familiar with the Atomos Shinobi 5 Inch monitor. On the screen, you’ll find a bright 1000-nit display that supports both SDR and HDR.

In addition to the focus monitoring tools for peak framing and exposure correction, you get to experiment with additional one-touch procedures. Despite the anamorphic de-squeeze monitoring, the monitor can support 3D and 1D LUT simultaneously. At 5 inches wide, the 5-inch screen is ideal for showing live action.

Is it possible to tell me what signals this monitor is looking for?

Log/PQ/HLG signals are displayed directly.

Quantity of custom LUTS included in Atomos Shinobi 5′′?

Eight unique LUTs are included in the package.

The histogram and waveform can be created at the same time?

It is possible for the monitor to display both the waveform and the histogram simultaneously.

Atomos Ninja V 5 Inch HDMI Recording Monitor

When shopping for a monitor for your BMPCC 4K, you will always have to make a trade-off between one function and another. For example, if you want a lightweight and portable gadget, you may have to give up the recording feature. The Atomos Ninja V 5-inch display is a one-stop shop for all your computing needs.

With that in mind, if you’d want a high-quality monitor for your camera, this is the best option. Since it’s so light, it can be taken with you wherever you go, and the touch-screen makes your work a lot easier than it was before.

 

Is there a hot shoe mount included?

It doesn’t come with any mounting hardware.

Q: Will this work with my Canon M50 camera?

This display is compatible with any HDMI-enabled device.

Q: Is there a warranty on the monitor?

Yes, Atomos provides a one-year guarantee on this monitor.

LILLIPUT A11 10.1 Inch FHD Pro 4K Monitor

Don’t be fooled by the name’s Lilliputian connotation. The LILLIPUT A11 4K display is one of the broadest monitors in today’s list, despite the humorous similarities. Enhanced vision is provided with a 10.1-inch FHD Pro screen with 1920 x 1200 resolution.

This monitor can be used for a wide range of photography applications, from live broadcasting to film production. The 3G-SDI input protects the quality signals while the high contrast delivers the crispness needed to get excellent photos. Specific user-definable buttons control the auxiliary functionalities.

Yes, it comes with a set of battery plates.

Plates for the Sony F-970 are included.

Q: Is the display compatible with VGA?

The VGA input is supported.

Q: What voltage does this monitor need to operate?

With 7-24V, it can be used.

Neewer FW568 5.5 Inch Field Monitor

Neewer’s FW568 5.5-inch Field Monitor is an excellent choice for those in need of a Blackmagic twin monitor solution. Low-density camcorders like the BMPCC 4K, Nikon, and Canon DSLRs, for example, will have no problem with it. It is possible to film continuously at 10 frames per second (FPS) while simultaneously controlling all of the elements and functionalities.

Even in direct sunshine, the 450 cd/m2 brightness of this monitor allows you to see clearly. With this monitor, you’ll also be able to monitor audio in real time. You can use the 3.5 mm audio jack to explore this area of recording to your heart’s content.

Q: What is the ratio of contrast?

This external camera screen has a 1000:1 contrast ratio.

Is it capable of transmitting 4K HDMI signals?

Do you know if it’s capable of transmitting 4K HDMI?

Q: Can the screen be powered by an external source?

A DC 12V adaptor will work just fine.

VILTROX DC-90HD 8.9 Inch Video Monitor

For those who find 5.5/5.5-inch screens too small, the VILTROX DC-90HD is a good alternative. This one has a Full HD LCD with a precise pixel density of 8.9 inches. For professional photographers, the monitor is the only thing they can’t live without.

In addition to HDMI and USB connectors, the display has an AV input. For audio transmission, there’s also the option of using headphones. You may watch any live stream without interruption thanks to the wide-angle perspective.

The charging cable is included in the package.

Yes, there is a charging wire.

Is it possible to tell me the resolution of this display?

Resolutions of up to 1920×1200 pixels are now possible.

External power sources, if any are used:

To utilize it, all you need is a cold shoe adaptor.

ANDYCINE C7 Field Camera 7 Inch Monitor

Finally, the ANDYCINE C7 Field Camera is a great monitor for outdoor photography and filmmaking. It has a brightness level of 2200 nits, which is extremely high. Although while you’re out and about, it does assist to make you more visible.

It’s four times brighter than even the greatest low-cost camera monitors. You can still play about with the waveform, vectorscope, histogram, etc. even in the blazing sun. Dual battery plates are also supported by the monitor for long-term shooting. Using a DC output to power your camcorder allows you to keep filming until you get the ideal shot.

Q: Do we have to keep the lights on all the time?

The brightness is automatically adjusted using a built-in light sensor.

How much does it cost to buy a battery charger?

There isn’t a battery charger included in the package.

Q: Is this monitor powered by 12V batteries?

No, because it has an 8V DC output.

A Buyer’s Guide to the Best 4K UHD Monitor for BMPCC

The finest monitor recorder for your BMPCC 4K camera should include the following features:

Durability

The purpose of monitors is to enhance the quality of the images you take. In order to keep up with the camcorder, they must be as durable as possible.

Using an external monitor might be ruined by even the smallest scratch or dent. If the motion is disrupted, then the touch-screen will have a difficult time receiving the correct orders. Always choose screens that can resist both the blistering heat of Antarctica and the icy winds. It’s even better if it’s scratch- and impact-resistant.

Brightness

A monitor should always be at its brightest in order to ensure that the photographer can see clearly in even the most challenging of circumstances. You can easily decrease the brightness down if you find yourself annoyed by too much of it.

The ANDYCINE C7 has the best brightness of 2200 nits in today’s article. Monitors may not be able to handle it. The problem is that when you’re working in low light, this brightness can literally make or ruin your shot.

Intuitive Mounting Options

Having a monitor that can be rotated around the room is useless. With little effort, it should be able to support the tilted arm and function with the other angles. But not to the point that the arm is no longer stable.

Everything comes down to a delicate balancing act. Due to the rapid changes in angle and consequent derivatives, a monitor must be both light and stable.

Strength of Signal

High-end monitors are commonly used by professional photographers and influencers to instantly begin live feeds of events. One way is to get the technical parameters of a photo just right; quite another is to stream it live.

This means you’ll need to put a lot of faith in your signal strength and conversion ability. As the strength of the signal increases, so does the overall quality of the stream you’re receiving. Audio activities and recording options make this bargain much more appealing!

BMPCC 4K HDMI Output: Precautionary Guidelines

  • Protective covers should be used around the monitor at all times.
  • Make sure you’re utilizing the correct slot, such as HDMI Output, before you do so.
  • Cover the monitor ahead of time if you’re going to be in a dusty location.
  • Keep dust from accumulating around the edges of the screen by wiping down the edges on a regular basis.
  • Before you start streaming, make sure the signal is strong enough by running several tests.
  • The memory is being backed up if you use numerous complicated features at once.

Final Verdict

Today’s post on the best monitor for BMPCC 4K has come to a close with this conclusion. Seven distinct BMPCC 4K monitors have been discussed and explained in detail. And while all of them are reasonably priced and long-lasting, it all comes down to how reliable they are in the end.

With cameras, it’s all about learning the settings. That’s why you’ll see some accomplished filmmakers still using cameras they’ve had for a decade or more. Keep tinkering with the settings until you discover the one that works best for you, and then stick with it.

While an external monitor can greatly improve your visibility and system control, it will also increase your workload. Take care of numerous features at once and then reset them after capturing the images. This is a time-consuming process. And you’ll have to keep looking if you don’t like the provided features.

We really hope that you found this material to be helpful in making an informed decision. Before setting up the desired monitor, make sure you’re using the correct BMPCC 4K HDMI Output. Have a blast experimenting with your camera’s improved color fidelity and resolution!

 

How to lawn mower

Lawn mowing can be a tedious task for some homeowners and an opportunity to enhance their property for others. A well-maintained lawn is one that is free of weeds and patches of bare ground, thanks to regular mowing. You may even create eye-catching patterns in your lawn with a little practice!
lawn care is an essential part of many people’s weekly routine. The following lawn care advice will help you get the most out of your mower and your yard.

Lawn Mowing Tips

When you trim the grass, keep in mind that you’re actually pruning. When you mow your grass correctly, you enhance the lawn’s density, which reduces the amount of weed growth. The recommended mowing height for each variety of grass varies. Identify the grass species in your yard (there may be more than one) and learn the right mowing technique.

Only Mow 1/3 of the Grass Blade

Never shave off more than a third of a grass blade length when mowing. A well-cared-for grass can withstand a few close shaves. A brown lawn is the result of regular close mowing, which has a number of detrimental impacts, including:
New growth and nutrients are stored in and around the top of the plant.
Reduced blade surface area, resulting in insufficient photosynthetic food production on the blade.
A greater propensity for infection by insects and diseases
Weed seeds are able to germinate because more sunlight is reaching them.
Compaction of the soil

Other Mowing Tips

ow when the grass has dried out. The blades will be more erect and less likely to bunch.
Avoid mowing your lawn during the hottest part of the day to avoid putting yourself and your grass at risk. See Lawn Care and Maintenance Tips for more information on when to mow.
Sharpen and balance the blades of your lawnmower. The risk of disease and pests is increased by ragged cuts created by dull blades. Check out our post on Lawn Grub Control if you suspect you have an infestation.
Each time you mow, switch up the mowing pattern. As you mow, the direction of the grass’s grain tends to go in the direction you’re cutting. Your lawn will grow more uprightly if you change up your mowing pattern.
Rake your grass in one direction, whether you’re using a push mower or a riding mower.
Do not bag the clippings, but rather direct them back to where you cut them.
When mowing the lawn, leave the lawn clippings on the grass unless they form clumps or rows of clippings. Nitrogen and nutrient-rich grasses are returned to the lawn through grazing.
You may choose to upgrade your present lawnmower to one that mulches or use a mulching kit.
Composting your grass clippings in a composter is an option if you store them in bags.
In locations shady by trees, raise the height of your mower’s blades. Tree roots and grass compete for water and nutrients in these locations.
Cool-season grasses should be cut less frequently and at a higher height when the weather is hot and dry.
Use the right lawn fertilizer and fertilize according to the instructions that come with it for your particular type of grass.

How to Mow New Grass

There is a three to four week waiting period following germination before you can mow newly seeded grass. It is possible that foot and mower traffic could compact the soil, especially if it is wet, because the grass blades are delicate and easily harmed. Mowing should be done when the new grass is about 3/4 to 1 inch taller than the normal mowing height for your lawn type.

See more : Best lawn mower with snow blower attachment

How Many Watts Does a Toaster Use? (Power Consumption)

Toaster Use – Watts

Most of us glance at our toasters on a daily basis, but have you ever stopped to consider how much energy they consume? Since you’re reading this, it’s clear that you did, and I wouldn’t put any more restrictions on you. Because I’m intrigued as well, I’ll spare everyone the hassle and go right to the point.

The wattages of typical toaster models, as well as the amount of electricity they use in a year, will be covered in this article. You will also learn how to compute this information on your own.

What is the power consumption of a toaster?

Toaster models vary in terms of how much electricity they use. Two-slice toasters typically use between 800 and 1400 watts, whereas four-slice toasters may consume up to 1800 watts on average. It’s advisable to consult the owner’s handbook for the most up-to-date information.

Energy Consumption by a 2-Slice Toaster in a Calendar Year

A breakdown of probable annual power usage for a 2-slice toaster is shown below to help you better understand how many watts it uses. I’ve provided the wattages that are most often used for this kind of toaster.

Consider the following scenario: you use your toaster to produce two pieces of bread every day. Due to the fact that this is a 2-slot toaster, it would take one run, with an average time of 2 minutes. A daily utilization of 2 minutes would result in around 12 working hours per year if done every day.

For the computation of the annual cost, I took the national average of 13.50 cents per kWh as a starting point.

Energy Consumption by a 4-Slice Toaster in a Calendar Year

Here’s a summary of the potential annual power usage of a 4-slice toaster to help you better understand how many watts it consumes. I’ve provided the wattages that are most often used for this kind of toaster.

Calculate the energy consumption of the toaster.

To figure out how much kWh your toaster consumes, you may apply a simple calculation. With that figure, you may multiply it by the current kWh rate in your state to get the yearly cost of electricity use.

kWh is equal to Watts multiplied by Time (Hours) divided by 1000.

Multiply the wattage of your toaster by the number of working hours in a certain time range. After that, divide it by 1000 to get the amount of kWh required for the specified time.

You may also use this online Watt to kWh Converter to convert your energy use.

Do Toaster Ovens Use Less Energy Than Others?

Toasters save energy since they are designed for a specific function. There is no other device that can prepare toasted bread while also using less energy in the process.

Does unplugging your toaster help you save money on electricity?

Unplugging your toaster may help you save a few pennies on your energy bill. Despite the fact that they are not in use, a number of gadgets might use power while they are plugged in. The prevalent habit of disconnecting toasters, on the other hand, has more to do with safety than with energy conservation.

Minimal expenditures, yet extraordinary pleasure!

The return on investment for the toaster is incredible! It doesn’t use much energy over the course of a year, yet the number of excellent breakfasts you’ve had is incalculable. It becomes even better when you realize that your breakfast is also environmentally friendly!

What is the wattage of your toaster? Did you use the formula to solve the math, or do you need assistance in putting it into practice? Let us know what you think in the comments section!

Please find here to see more information.

How to Connect Passive Speakers to a Mixer

Even now, I can’t help but remember how overwhelming it was to choose speakers. There were so many options and so many different ways to judge them. Tower vs. bookshelf, for example, or in-ceiling vs. cabinet, for example, were some of the things I thought about.

Another thing I had to think about was whether to use active speakers or passive speakers.

So, after a lot of thought and research, I decided to go with passive speakers after all. Then I had to figure out how to connect my speakers to a mixer.

In the end, I found out how to do it.

If you want to read the short version, you can see it below!

Tips on how to connect passive speakers to a mixer in a quick way

To connect the main speakers to each other.

In order to connect passive speakers, connect their Main out jacks to the inputs of their power amplifiers

Once that is done, connect the outputs of your power amplifier to the inputs of your speakers.

Turn on the mixer and the speakers so that you can listen to music (or power amplifier).

In order to set the mixer levels to unity and fine-tune the speaker output level, you need to do this:

It’s time to turn up the Main mix fader level to 0. (unity).

Now, you can play audio through one of the channels (phone, computer playback, or guitar). Make sure to set the gain knob on the channel while the level fader is at 0 so that you can set the gain (unison).

Turn on each passive speaker’s level knob until the volume is at the level you want.

Even though what I have written above may seem simple, it can be very complicated at times. But don’t worry. If you want to know more about how this works, I’ve done my best to get to know it.

Here are some tips to help you connect your passive speakers to a mixer and understand how it works. For those of us who are in a similar situation, this is a good read.

To make it easier, I’ll talk about active speakers and passive speakers first. Then I’ll go into more technical details.

In this example, we’re going to compare active speakers and passive speakers.

As you can see, active speakers have their own amplifier built into the cabinet. Passive speakers get their power from a separate amplifier that is outside the cabinet.

Speaker wire connects the passive speakers to the amplifier, which in turn connects the passive speakers to the amplifier.

There are passive and active speakers. Active speakers are used in pro-audio for things like pa monitors and systems and consumer audio, as well as blue tooth speakers.

When it comes to which one is better, it all comes down to what you are buying the speakers for.

Passive speakers are good for me, for example, because I want to use them for myself, and some of their traits are good for me in this case.

Because the passive speakers don’t need any wires, they can be placed in any way you want.

Also, passive speakers are easier to change, and their amplifiers can be easily changed.

For example, if you want more power, all you need to do is buy a new amplifier and connect it to the speaker.

Finally, because I sometimes need speakers while I’m on the road, I found passive speakers to be the best choice.

Because they don’t have a built-in mixer, they are light and easy to move around.

If you want more information about active vs. passive subwoofers, you can click on this link.

Passive speakers can be powered with a Mixer.

Users of passive speakers, like me, often wonder if we can use a mixer to power passive speakers, like the ones I have.

Short answer: “Yes.” It is used to power passive speakers with a Powered Mixer.

In fact, not all mixers can be called “powered” just because you have to plug them in in order for them to do their job.

In this case, you will need a power amplifier to run the passive speakers.

Or, you can connect the speakers that have power.

Powered Mixers are things that can be used to mix things.

Powered mixers are mixers that have built-in power amplifiers, like the ones shown here.

This type of mixer comes with a built-in power amplifier.

There is only one connection for power because the mixer and power amplifier both need a power supply. There are less connections to make than there are with separate amplifiers.

Let’s Connect Passive Speakers to a Mixer and see how it works.

There are a few things that you need to keep in mind when you set up this type of system with passive speakers. The most important thing is that your amp must be able to handle the amount of power your speakers can handle.

If you want to learn more about power ratings, you can read our next post! Moving forward, though!

The first thing you need to do is make sure you have these things:

One of them is a passive speaker.

An amplifier with a lot of power

There is only one mixing desk

One of them is Speakon Lead.

There are two female XLR plugs and two 1/4′′ jack leads in this case:

There is only one microphone in the whole world.

XLR Lead: 1

RCA Lead: 13.5mm Jack

To be sure, it’s important to note that the power amplifier is different, and there are some new leads that don’t exist in a passive way.

Power amplifiers power speakers, and the new leads connect the mixer to a power amplifier, and the output of the power amplifier goes into a speaker.

A mixer must be set up before you can connect the passive speakers.

Use XLR-Jack leads, like I did, but this is up to you and your mixer. Take the main out L and R from the mixer and connect them to the inputs on the power amplifier.

You’ll need to do this after you finish this. Take the speakon leads and hook them up to each speaker’s input and output. It’s a good idea to put the speakers where you think they should be, but you can use your own judgment based on how the desk looks next to them.

Make sure you know how a path will pan when it’s set up. This is important! A signal will start to pass through it soon after this is all linked together.

In a passive system, you should turn on the mixer first, then the power amp. To pack it up, turn off the power amp, then turn on the mixer, so that it doesn’t fall over,

This is to make sure that the speakers and the amplifier don’t get hurt by the water.

Think about it this way: If you think that you are running both jacks from a mixer into your speakers, then plug straight from the mixer to your speakers.

Both of the jacks on the back of the speaker would work just as well. The wire from the mixer should be plugged into the speaker that you use as a monitor.

Want to add something extra?

If you have a mixer that has built-in FX, you can add some effects to your music.

The FX built into some mixers can be used to add things like reverb and delay to your mix, as well as other things that make your mix unique.

You’ll need to send that effect to the effects bus, which is a mix of all the FX send levels.

The controls on each mixer will be different. Keep in mind that some mixers have extra controls that let you control how much of the total FX bus is sent to the Main and/or Monitor mixes.

Let’s make your own mix.

Creating a good mix means making sure that each channel has the right level in both the main and monitor mixes.

Check your sound before you go to any event.

Go one player at a time, or mix the band as you go.

You pick what works best, but make sure that each microphone is working. Then, have them play one or two songs from their set and then ask them to do the same thing.

In order to adjust the volume, have each player play or sing as loud as they will during the performance. Then, change the level of their channel to get them into the main and monitor mix.

As each performer is on stage, you can also talk to them and be on the lookout for things like too much volume, feedback, or hard to work with acoustics (boominess).

Steps to follow:

The main mix level on your mixer should be set to 0. (unison).

One at a time, turn up and adjust each channel’s volume fader in a way that makes sense.

Apply EQ, compression, and FX to the channels that match the event or performance.

Mixing tips to think about:

When you use equalization (EQ), you can change the frequency content of a sound channel. Boost (raise) good frequencies or cut bad ones.

It’s too loud. Cut down on the low frequency sounds that are coming out.

Adjust the mids to change how much body or warmth there is.

Lack of clarity? The highs should be raised.

Smooth out the movement of things by compressing them.

To use reverb, use it very carefully. Extra space will go a long way.

Things to Remember

Unbalanced and balanced lines are two of the most common ways to connect a mixer to a powered speaker.

People can run long cable runs between the mix station and the speakers without having noise or interference. The balanced line has a better noise rejection.

It’s common for speakers that are powered to have both XLR and TRS jacks that can be used for balanced sound. Most old mixers have balanced output jacks that can be connected to TRS, XLR, or both.

It’s possible, but not very often, that your mixer just gives out unbalanced sound.

These are a problem in the long run because they are more likely to pick up interference and noise.

Most of the time, a maximum length of 20 to 30 feet is recommended for these. This is because longer runs can be very noisy.

There are many ways to change unbalanced signals into balanced ones, but this article doesn’t cover them.

Other Important Conidiations

With no amplifier, how can you power passive speakers without one?

You can connect passive speakers to the headphone jack on a computer or laptop. The computer will have an amplifier built in, so you can do this if you want better sound than typical desktop PC speakers can give you.

Another good thing about passive speakers is that they can be bought for a very low price.

passive speakers with an impendence of 8 or 16 can help you keep the headphone output from being overloaded and potentially damaging. You can use these speakers.

It should come with a cable with a jack so that it can connect to something like a computer or a TV.

In the event that you don’t already have one, you can buy one to connect your speakers to your computer.

If you don’t know how to work with electronics, I don’t think you should do it yourself. You could try to do the job yourself if you can’t get an electrician to do it.

Once this is done, you should be able to connect and power your passive speakers without an amplifier by now.

How tight should your trucks be?

There are few debates in skateboarding as futile as the drama surrounding how tight trucks should be. Worst-case scenario: The kingpin nut must be threaded all the way to the newloc, according to the unstable truck crew. On the other side, the stiff-truck posse insists they need the stability of crushed bushings. That being the case, who do you think is correct?

That’s a simple question, and the answer is obvious. It’s a consensus. It’s up to you how tight you want your truck to be. If you’re the only one who will be riding it, then customize it to your liking. On the other hand, there are a few things to consider when adjusting your trucks. Before we go into things, let’s get some basics out of the way.

 

How to Adjust Truck Tightness

Most skateboard hardware may be adjusted by tightening the nuts on the truck and axle bolts. Adjusting the kingpin is more subjective. There’s no way to get the nut perfectly level in one go. All you need is a 9/16-inch (14mm) wrench and a nice stretch of open pavement.

First, simply stand on the board and move your weight from the heel to the toe of the deck. When you push on the edges, the board should give. The trucks pivot, allowing you to steer. In this case, release the kingpin bolts on both trucks, but make sure the nylon strip still contacts the threads. Tighten the kingpin nuts if the deck touches the wheels in full lean.

Then push off and roll. Lean to turn (forward or back) and press harder to tighten the turn. Your board should stop leaning further without striking the wheels. Change directions while focusing on your turning ability. Turn the board around and skate with your back foot on the nose.

It’s entirely up to you how tight or loose the trucks are. The only thing that matters is that they are both tightened. If the front and back trucks are not as tight, it will be noticeable when riding off the nose. So, tweak the trucks till you can’t tell front from back.

 

When to Tighten Up

When it comes to vehicle adjustments, speed is the most important factor to keep in mind. Depending on how quickly you intend to ride, the tighter your trucks should be. In order to avoid the feared speed wobbles, tight trucks help maintain stability at greater speeds. For the sake of your safety, tighten your trucks if you plan on riding downhill or hitting the vert ramp.

When it comes to big drops, tight trucks come in helpful. To avoid wheel bite, tight trucks should be used. As a general rule, you don’t want to slow down at the end of a long jump. To avoid this, make sure the trucks are properly tightened.

Skaters of various skill levels have different needs when it comes to truck setup. It is easier to hang your heel off the edge of a skateboard with tighter trucks, such as during a kickflip setup. Try tightening your trucks if you’re having trouble staying online while preparing for flip tricks.

Tight trucks, on the other hand, are significantly gentler on the ankles than their looser counterparts. Some foot and ankle injuries can be avoided if you drive in a tight truck. After a foot or ankle injury, tight trucks might help you get back on your board faster.

 

When to Loosen Up

Tight vehicles are usually a hindrance. They limit your ability to pivot and line up on obstacles. If you frequently have to press down on the tail when turning, loosen the kingpin nut.

Loosening tight trucks helps improve your skating flow. Skating becomes easier and more carefree without needing to tic-tac up to obstacles or tilt dramatically as you roll away. Loosen your trucks if your style is rigid.

Loose trucks also overlook poor landings. Any pro’s video section will show them landing slightly off-balance after a gap or rail. They can still do it because they reflexively press on the board to make it roll out in a straight manner. This trick-saving approach requires loose vehicles. The tighter the trucks, the better the landing.

When skating transition, your trucks must be tight. Trucks should be tighter the higher the transition walls. However, concrete skateparks often offer a variety of transitions. The only limit to a skatepark’s lines is your imagination, but you must be able to carve.

 

The Truth

Speed wobbles can occur regardless of the tightness or looseness of your trucks, as long as you’re driving faster than you can push. Tight vehicles are more dangerous than loose ones most of the time. The more compact the truck, the smaller the turning radius will be. As a result, narrow vehicles can make it difficult to drive when something needs to be avoided.

It’s common for skaters to prefer trucks that are somewhere in the middle. Almost everyone’s taste in truck modification changes over time as their skating improves and progresses. Skateboarding is about discovering your own own style.

The only people you should listen to when it comes to your trucks are the ones who are telling you that they are too tight or too loose. Let your own personal taste guide you.

How to rock to fakie on a skateboard

How to rock to fakie on a skateboard

Ramp technique/maneuver the “rock to fakie” necessitates three distinct abilities

Drop in on one side of the curving obstruction and plant the bottom of deck on the other side of it.

When the nose/tail has stalled on the coping, it’s time to roll fakie back to the starting place and do it all over again.

The first step is to get used to riding a ramp, bowl, or ledge comfortably.

The pumping technique and ability to roll across curved surfaces must be mastered.

When you’re ready to drop in, a technique for intermediate to advanced skaters, do so.

Dropping into a steeper slope is more dangerous because it’s more difficult to avoid a wipeout.

A soft, low-angle ramp or bowl could be a good place to begin.

The ability to ride fakie is also required before attempting the rock to fakie.

You don’t want the board to get stuck and hang up on the coping if you’re only holding it on the metal pipe for a few seconds.

Because if you don’t, your weight will cause you to tumble backwards.

The secret is to keep your weight evenly distributed on your back and front feet so that the skate remains firmly planted on the coping in the center of the deck’s bottom.

The proper distribution of one’s weight and a lot of practice are both necessary for success.

Per Welinder, author of “Mastering Skateboarding,” says, “The fear of this trick is usually justified because it is easy to screw up and fall in a way that is tough to jump away from.”

To fakie, you just have to get inside the rock. To get out, you have to get out.

Rock to Fakie

 

You have one last chance to rock out to fakie flawlessly.

Using these steps, you can achieve it:

1.Determinedly jump into a ramp or bowl with all of your might.

2.Take a front position and roll toward the coping at a speed that will allow your front wheels to lap over the coping and onto the deck;

  1. Lift the front wheels to clear the coping as you reach the coping;

4.Make sure the back trucks don’t bang into the coping by rocking the middle of the skateboard’s deck on the metal pipe.

5.Stall the board for a few seconds and maintain a steady momentum;

6.Allow yourself to regain some of your weight while you make the adjustment;

7.In order to clear or roll over coping when your body begins to return to its starting position, slightly take the weight off the nose end of your board.

8.Roll fakie back to where you started;

  1. Let your back foot stall the trucks as you come close to the coping;

10.Drop in and roll away with your upper body leaning on the front foot and away from the board’s back

Extra Tips

 

The rock to fakie is typically made more difficult by rolling backwards in the approach to coping.

“Some coping will have a lot of bonks and will be less forgiving than smaller coping,” says Welinder in addition.

“The best fakie ramps don’t have a lot of coping,” says the author.

Try to expand your stance such that your feet are firmly on the board’s nose and tail while you’re going back in.

To learn how to lift your front wheels over the coping when entering the rock to fakie and then lift them again a split second later when returning to the transition backward, you’ll need to practice this technique.

Raise your chin toward the surface of the transition, then lower it against the surface of your nose to rehearse this stage.

To get your body adapted to the lifting motion, practice this on the tail and the opposing wall..

It’s likely that your first successful rock to fakie tries will involve the board slapping over the coping a little bit.

“The front wheels may even be touching the coping at the peak.

The board will rise higher on the deck as you gain greater confidence.”

With the nose of the board all the way up on the deck, the most determined rock to fakie will slam the back trucks into the coping.

 

How do speakers work

How do speakers work

The principles of speaker driver technology haven’t changed in close to a century despite substantial breakthroughs in speaker design and manufacturing.

Almost every loudspeaker on the market today, from your phone to your home theater system, uses Edward Kellogg and Chester Rice’s 1925 dynamic driver.

However, how do speakers actually operate? 

Let us begin with the fundamentals.

How speakers work: the basics

A loudspeaker’s driver is the basic electroacoustic component that enables it to perform its function.

When used as a transducer, its job is to convert one kind of energy into another.

To put it another way, this transducer converts the amplified electrical waves from your playback device, be it your phone or the cartridge of your turntable, into sound pressure waves in the air for your ears to hear.

The speaker’s driver is an electromagnetic motor, which is both simple and effective.

The rear of a speaker has two terminals where an amplifier sends a signal.

They connect to a cylindrical coil of wire suspended in the space between two permanent magnet polarities, where the current flows.

Faraday’s law dictates that this coil swings back and forth within the magnetic field as the current going through it alternates in direction with the signal provided.

One end of the speaker cone is connected to the moving coil, which moves the cone back and forth.

An airtight surround or suspension holds this cone in place around its perimeter.

When the cone moves, it exerts pressure on the air around it, causing sound waves to be generated.

It’s a fact that the speaker driver is positioned in a box, but why? 

What’s the point of having a box if the driver can produce sound on its own?

What about the little details like portholes and the like?

Why are speakers mounted in boxes?

When the cone of a speaker driver moves, a pressure wave is generated from the front and the back.

There is a positive and negative pressure created by it as it travels towards you while pulling back the air.

Pressure generated by the driver’s two sides will effectively cancel each other out when the wavelength of the replicated signal is large compared to the driver’s size.

As a result, low frequencies (bass) are rendered inaudible at any practical distance.

Remove a driver from its enclosure if you wish to give this a go at home.

After the speaker is disassembled, you’ll hear a “tinny” sound.

Keeping the pressure wave from the back of a speaker cone from cancelling out the wave from the front is critical to ensuring that the speaker works at all frequencies

Because of this, you can create the similar effect by mounting the driver in an extremely big and hard sheet of material (a baffle).

Because a wide baffle is required to prevent low-frequency cancellation, this isn’t an option in the majority of cases.

Closed boxes make it easier to accomplish this.

Mechanical features of the driver and box size combine to determine a closed-box loudspeaker system’s low-frequency response.

The air in the box acts like a spring against which the cone pushes and pulls, and that system has a resonance frequency below which its output diminishes significantly..

Loudspeakers must be airtight to prevent cancellation, which can occur if there are any leaks in the box.

Why do some speakers have holes in them?

In the front or rear of many speaker boxes, you may observe circular apertures or slots.

What you’re looking at is a bass reflex enclosure, which has ports or vents.

When you blow air over an open beer bottle and a note is heard, a bass reflex enclosure operates in the same way.

Because the volume of air inside the bottle fluctuates with the amount of liquid in the bottle, the note changes.

The scent would be altered even further if the bottle’s glass neck could be stretched

If you want to fine-tune the sound of your bottle, you can change its port dimensions (the bottle’s neck) or its enclosure volume.

For systems that are properly tuned, this results in an additional boost in low-frequency performance immediately below the loudspeaker response rolloff point.

As previously said, this requires custom port tuning for every single driver and enclosure combination.

Even if the cone diameter of the new driver is the same as the old one, the box and port tuning will no longer be acceptable and the sound will be distorted.

Same idea, but with a mass-loaded, unpowered speaker cone providing bass resonance with enclosed air volume in passive radiator loudspeakers.

Tweeters and woofers

Now, you may have observed that most loudspeakers include more than one speaker driver—usually a smaller diameter one on top of a larger one—especially when they go larger than small portable boom boxes.

Multiple drivers of various sizes are used in speakers for a variety of reasons.

One driver may be capable of covering practically all the audible frequencies, but it has a number of drawbacks.

The bass will be difficult to hear if the driver is too small because it won’t be able to move enough air to do so.

Larger drivers can move more air, but as the frequencies they reproduce rise, speakers become more directional.

Beaming is a term for this.

Frequency and wavelength are directly proportional to each other, and speaker drivers typically begin beaming at a frequency equal to their cone’s diameter.

As a result, the higher frequencies can only be heard if you’re directly in line with the speaker.

It’s not a nice speaker or a balanced sound.

There is a simple solution to this problem: a variety of drivers in varying sizes, each tuned to a specific frequency range (bass and treble, or bass, middle, treble).

A crossover is a frequency splitting network in the speaker box that works in conjunction with this notion

High-frequency drivers are assigned to tweeters and low-frequency drivers to the crossover.

Why it’s worth knowing how speakers work

There is no need to know how speakers work to appreciate their music.

It’s usually a good idea to learn about audio equipment before you invest a lot of money on it.

It’s easier to spot charlatans when you have a firm grasp of the fundamentals on which to build your understanding.

Additionally, understanding how speakers function might aid in the diagnosis of issues.

Also, if this article has piqued your interest, there are numerous web places where you may discover how to make your own using widely available components.